We are living in a very dynamic time, one in which political conflict presents opportunities for global economic development across practically all sectors of the economy. Political tensions between nations or groupings of nations are what unquestionably impose high standards for economic development and the possession of cutting-edge technology, prioritizing energy and logistics because they heavily influence production costs. In addition, the population’s two main expenses are heating and electricity.
With the current model, converting vehicles to electric propulsion makes the relationship between electric vehicles and electric power generation inseparable. Experts claim that compared to internal combustion engine vehicles, operating electric vehicles that generate electricity from burning fossil fuels is more hazardous to the environment and the climate. As a result, the challenge of transforming the energy sector to non-fuel power generation will serve as the guiding principle for how nations develop in the twenty-first century.
But why have fuelless generators not yet gained a significant market share despite many years of research and attempts to put them into commercial production? Several reasons are likely to be at play here.
- Huge sums of money were invested by investors who not only wanted to make a profit on their investment but also wanted to dominate the market for the production, transportation, and processing of hydrocarbons as well as power generation facilities for many years.
- The industries that generate tremendous financial resources and fill budgets at all levels are those of energy and natural resources, which represent the power of the elite. As the market for the production, transportation, and consumption of hydrocarbons would be disrupted by the introduction of non-fuel technologies, no one will readily give up the extremely lucrative and well-suited method of generating profits. Therefore, various measures of both intellectual and physical influence can be used against the developers, which has already been observed many times.
- The fact that equipment for fuel-free power generation was primarily designed for industrial power generation and required permission from electric grid providers in order to connect to centralized networks is a fundamental error made by the technology’s creators. Yet, because it is difficult to maintain balance and frequency with fuelless power generators, power grids are not interested in such advances because they cannot produce as much electricity as nuclear or thermal power plant units. Fuelless generators designed for power supply to individual houses with a capacity of 5-10 kW have a chance for rapid implementation today, since they do not require any approvals from power supplying companies.
There are already developments that make it possible for generators to operate autonomously without the need to build power plant units. Such technologies are called fuel-free power generators. Conventionally, fuelless electric generators (FEG) can be divided into two types.
Magnetic generators are conceptually no different from power generators installed in power plants, because the scheme involves rotation of a permanent magnet, which causes induction current in the coils of the stator. The only difference is in the way the rotor rotates. At Nuclear and Thermal power plants, the rotor rotation is carried out from the turbine by means of a mechanical gear, while the rotor of fuelless electric generators is rotated either by a small capacity electric motor or rotates under the action of magnetic forces.
The operation of neutrinovoltaic generators is defined by an entirely distinct idea. Created by Neutrino Energy Group, a multilayer nanomaterial made of alternating layers of graphene and doped silicon converts the energy of electromagnetic, thermal and other energy fields of invisible spectrum radiation, including the kinetic energy of neutrino particles with mass, into electric current. Neutrinovoltaic power generators can be placed outdoors, inside, or, for example, in the basement of an apartment building because energy fields are present every minute of the day, regardless of the weather, and have a high penetration capacity.
The nanomaterial is layer-by-layer applied to the metal foil, forming a densely interspersed thin layer that forms a single whole with the foil, which avoids the flaking of the nanomaterial during operation and the loss of its performance properties. The mechanism of electric current generation is the emergence of the “graphene wave” under the influence of the thermal motion of the graphene atoms and the elastic interaction of neutrinos having a mass with the graphene atomic nucleus.
The cross section of the graphene atom’s nucleus, consisting of 6 protons and 6 neutrons, is very small compared with the size of the graphene atom itself (the size of the carbon atom is 0,7 Å = 0,07 nm = 0,000 000 000 07 m), but the flux of neutral neutrino particles is 60 billion particles per second, crossing 1 cm2 of the Earth’s surface. Although only a fraction of the total neutrino flux strikes the nucleus of the graphene atom, this interaction, which leads to full or partial transfer of the neutrino kinetic energy into the kinetic energy of the graphene atoms, is very important, because it increases the frequency and amplitude of the graphene atoms’ vibrations and translates them into the resonance of atomic vibrations.
The application of alloying element films according to the patent number EP3265850A1 provides the creation of electronic or electrical conductivity in silicon of the n-type, as silicon is doped with elements of the 5th or 6th groups of the Mendeleev periodic table of elements. The patent also states that graphene is doped with chemical elements that have magnetic properties. The main distinction between neutrinovoltaic technology and existing fuel-free generator designs with rotating rotors and power plant generators is that in neutrinovoltaic technology, the electromotive force is generated by vibrations of graphene in nanomaterial, not by rotation of the rotor with magnetic coil. Currently it is possible to get voltage of 1.5 V and current of 2 A from a 200×300 mm plate. Electric generating unit with net power of 5-6 kW made of such plates has the size of 800x400x600 mm.
Industrial production of Neutrino Power Cubes with a net capacity of 5-6 kW is set to begin in factories built in Switzerland and Korea in the coming years. Such ground-breaking technological advancements will have a significant impact on the energy sector’s future development for many years. They can alter people’s way of life, lower the cost of heating and electricity, and delay the rate of increase in the planet’s average yearly temperature.